List of all world chess champions: From Steinitz to Magnus Carlsen and from Vera Menchik to Hou Yifan. Wilhelm Steinitz, the winner of the first official World Chess Championship in , would have rubbed his eyes in disbelieve if he could have seen how popular. Die Schachweltmeisterschaft findet vom 9. bis November in London zwischen Caruana Carlsen Grenke Chess Classic JPG · Fabiano Caruana · Magnus Carlsen. Nation, Vereinigte Staaten Vereinigte Staaten, Norwegen Norwegen.
world champions chess -His daughter Nikita is a young world champion Überraschend gewann nicht der englische Vorkämpfer, sondern es siegte der bis dahin gänzlich unbekannte Deutsche Adolf Anderssen aus Breslau , der dabei im Halbfinale auch den direkten Vergleich gegen Staunton mit 4: You will come across a number of relics connected with Emanuel Lasker - multiple world chess champion , legends from our forest, pottery, threatre, music and dancing. Zug opferte er mit Tb4 die Qualität und erhielt dadurch einen Freibauern am Damenflügel. Allerdings war seine Weltmeisterschaft auch dadurch geprägt, dass er Zweikämpfen ungewissen Ausganges durch das Aufstellen nur schwer zu erfüllender Bedingungen aus dem Weg zu gehen wusste. Erstmals war mit Wladimir Putin das Staatsoberhaupt des austragenden Landes bei der Siegerehrung anwesend. Anand, whose strength in rapid chess is well-known, is considered to have good chances. Doch auch Schach ist keine olympische Sportart und obendrein eine, bei der es um Grips geht und nicht um Muskelkraft. Bei der WM unterlag er gegen Michail Tal , konnte aber wiederum sein Revancherecht nutzen, um den Titel wiederzuerlangen. Keres spent several months after the tournament giving it a fitting tribute. The tournament was convincingly won by the Bulgarian Veselin Topalovand casino dinner baden began for a Kramnik—Topalov match to unify the title. The third prizewinner Isidore Gunsberg was prepared to play Steinitz for the title in New York, and Steinitz won their match in — However, in that year reigning champion Kasparov and challenger Short were so dissatisfied with FIDE's arrangements for their match that they set up a break-away The Lab - Mobil6000. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He won the Candidates against Gata Kamsky. These players are included on the basis of their winning matches against credible opponents. Between and various difficulties that arose in match Beste Spielothek in Baumgarten finden led players to try to define agreed rules for matches, including the frequency of matches, how much or how little say the champion had in the conditions for a title match and what the stakes and division of the purse should be. Beste Spielothek in Dimbach finden this confusion went unresolved: The most famous of these talents is Garry Kasparov. Carlsen mixed Romeo and Juliet Slot Machine Online ᐈ Pragmatic Play™ Casino Slots usual blend of a serious answer and a "Hollywood Squares" SpaceX upright landing success | Euro Palace Casino Blog joke response. Anand won the championship match again, for his fourth consecutive world Beste Spielothek in Neugrün finden win.
Carlsen is defending his title for the third time in London from November , , in a match series. The Armenian chess Grandmaster had an especially successful year in He lived in Germany for several years and played for the German Chess Organization.
Although Aronian has already held the title in the area of Blitz Chess, the official World Chess Champion title is not yet one he holds.
At the Candidates Tournament for the World Chess Championship in , Caruana, born in , was at the head of the pack, second behind Sergej Karjakin.
Directly following the Candidates Tournament in , he goes head-to-head with reigning champion Carlsen at the Grenke Chess Classics.
Blitz Chess is a style of game during which each player has just 15 minutes to consider their moves. Grischuk, born in in Moscow, has won the championship twice.
The duo delivered a long, exciting tournament, as Carlsen was surprisingly unable to take the lead quickly.
A showdown in the last round was what decided the outcome — delivering Carlsen a win on his 26th birthday. He was only eight when he first won at an adult tournament.
In , however, the Russian genius was delivered a spectacular loss against the "Deep Blue" computer. He has met Carlsen at numerous tournaments since — and usually goes home with a loss.
Ding Liren is the first Chinese person to have qualified for the Candidates Tournament. The Azerbaijani Mamadeyarov comes from a family of chess talents.
Born in , the Grandmaster has two sisters who have both won the title of Woman Grandmaster. His native Azerbaijan has a long chess tradition and supports up-and-coming talents, something they are clearly quite successful at.
The most famous of these talents is Garry Kasparov. Although representing the US Chess Federation, So does not need to hold citizenship to represent the country.
Lasker became World Chess Champion in and retained the title 27 years — longer than anyone else to date. The mathematician and philosopher is also the only German among the world champions.
To commemorate him on the year of his th birthday, coming up on December 24, the German Chess Federation and the Emanuel Lasker Association call for a Lasker Year in Eight world class chess players compete from March 10 to March 28, Tigran Petrosian won the Candidates and then defeated Botvinnik in to become world champion.
After the Candidates, Bobby Fischer publicly alleged that the Soviets had colluded to prevent any non-Soviet — specifically him — from winning.
He claimed that Petrosian, Efim Geller and Paul Keres had prearranged to draw all their games, and that Korchnoi had been instructed to lose to them.
Yuri Averbakh , who was head of the Soviet team, confirmed in that Petrosian, Geller and Keres arranged to draw all their games in order to save their energy for games against non-Soviet players,  and a statistical analysis in backed this up.
FIDE responded by changing the format of future Candidates Tournaments to eliminate the possibility of collusion. Beginning in the next cycle, —66, the round-robin tournament was replaced by a series of elimination matches.
Initially the quarter-finals and semifinals were best of 10 games, and the final was best of Fischer, however, refused to take part in the cycle, and dropped out of the cycle after a controversy at Interzonal in Sousse.
In the —72 cycle Fischer caused two more crises. This would have eliminated him from the —72 cycle, but Benko was persuaded to concede his place in the Interzonal to Fischer.
Even then Fischer raised difficulties, mainly over money. It took a phone call from United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and a doubling of the prize money by financier Jim Slater to persuade him to play.
An unbroken line of FIDE champions had thus been established from to , with each champion gaining his title by beating the previous incumbent.
This came to an end when Anatoly Karpov won the right to challenge Fischer in Fischer objected to the "best of 24 games" championship match format that had been used from onwards, claiming that it would encourage whoever got an early lead to play for draws.
Instead he demanded that the match should be won by whoever first won 10 games, except that if the score reached 9—9 he should remain champion.
He argued that this was more advantageous to the challenger than the champion's advantage under the existing system, where the champion retained the title if the match was tied at 12—12 including draws.
Fischer privately maintained that he was still World Champion. He went into seclusion and did not play chess in public again until , when he offered Spassky a rematch, again for the World Championship.
The Fischer—Spassky match attracted good media coverage, but the chess world did not take this claim to the championship seriously.
Karpov dominated the s and early s with an incredible string of tournament successes. He convincingly demonstrated that he was the strongest player in the world by defending his title twice against ex-Soviet Viktor Korchnoi , first in Baguio City in 6—5 with 21 draws then in Meran in 6—2, with 10 draws.
His " boa constrictor " style frustrated opponents, often causing them to lash out and err. This allowed him to bring the full force of his Botvinnik-learned dry technique both Karpov and Kasparov were students at Botvinnik's school against them, grinding his way to victory.
He eventually lost his title to Garry Kasparov , whose aggressive tactical style was in sharp contrast to Karpov's positional style. In the five matches Kasparov and Karpov played games with draws, 21 wins by Kasparov and 19 wins by Karpov.
In , Nigel Short broke the domination of the two K's Kasparov and Karpov by defeating Karpov in the candidates semifinals followed by Jan Timman in the finals, thereby earning the right to challenge Kasparov for the title.
Kasparov defeated Short while Karpov beat Timman, and for the first time in history there were two World Chess Champions.
Kasparov and Karpov both won their respective cycles. Negotiations were held for a reunification match between Kasparov and Karpov in —97, but nothing came of them.
Soon after the championship, the PCA folded, and Kasparov had no organisation to choose his next challenger.
Shirov won the match, but negotiations for a Kasparov—Shirov match broke down, and Shirov was subsequently omitted from negotiations, much to his disgust.
Plans for a or Kasparov—Anand match also broke down, and Kasparov organised a match with Kramnik in late In a major upset, Kramnik won the Classical World Chess Championship match with two wins, thirteen draws, and no losses, thereby becoming the Classical World Chess Champion.
Meanwhile, FIDE had decided to scrap the Interzonal and Candidates system, instead having a large knockout event in which a large number of players contested short matches against each other over just a few weeks see FIDE World Chess Championship Very fast games were used to resolve ties at the end of each round, a format which some felt did not necessarily recognize the highest quality play: Kasparov refused to participate in these events, as did Kramnik after he won Kasparov's title in In the first of these events, champion Karpov was seeded straight into the final, but subsequently the champion had to qualify like other players.
Karpov defended his title in the first of these championships in , but resigned his title in anger at the new rules in Alexander Khalifman took the title in , Anand in , Ruslan Ponomariov in and Rustam Kasimdzhanov won the event in By , not only were there two rival champions, but Kasparov's strong results — he had the top Elo rating in the world and had won a string of major tournaments after losing his title in — ensured even more confusion over who was World Champion.
In May , American grandmaster Yasser Seirawan led the organisation of the so-called "Prague Agreement" to reunite the world championship.
Kramnik had organised a candidates tournament won later in by Peter Leko to choose his challenger. However, the matches proved difficult to finance and organise.
The Kramnik—Leko match , now renamed the Classical World Chess Championship , did not take place until late it was drawn, so Kramnik retained his title.
Partly due to his frustration at the situation, Kasparov retired from chess in , still ranked No. However Kramnik insisted that his title be decided in a match, and declined to participate.
The tournament was convincingly won by the Bulgarian Veselin Topalov , and negotiations began for a Kramnik—Topalov match to unify the title. After much controversy, it was won by Kramnik.
Kramnik played to defend his title at the World Chess Championship in Mexico. Because Anand's World Chess Champion title was won in a tournament rather than a match, a minority of commentators questioned the validity of his title.
The following two championships had special clauses arising from the unification. Kramnik was given the right to challenge for the title he lost in a tournament in the World Chess Championship , which Anand won.
He won the Candidates against Gata Kamsky. Anand again won the championship match. The next championship, the World Chess Championship , had short knock-out matches for the Candidates Tournament.
This format was not popular with everyone, and world 1 Magnus Carlsen withdrew in protest. Boris Gelfand won the Candidates.
Anand won the championship match again, for his fourth consecutive world championship win. Since , the Candidates has been an 8 player double round robin tournament, with the winner playing a match against the champion for the title.
These have followed a 2-year cycle: Carlsen is due to next defend his title against Fabiano Caruana in November Before world championship matches were financed by arrangements similar to those Emanuel Lasker described for his match with Wilhelm Steinitz: The players had to meet their own travel, accommodation, food and other expenses out of their shares of the purse.
Up to and including the Steinitz—Lasker match, both players, with their backers, generally contributed equally to the purse, following the custom of important matches in the 19th century before there was a generally recognized world champion.
This requirement makes arranging world championship matches more difficult, for example: Marshall challenged Lasker in but could not raise the money until ;  in Lasker and Rubinstein agreed in principle to a world championship match, but this was never played as Rubinstein could not raise the money.
The table below organises the world champions in order of championship wins. For the purpose of this table, a successful defence counts as a win, even if the match was drawn.
The table is made more complicated by the split between the "Classical" and FIDE world titles between and From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Interregnum of World Chess Champions. List of World Chess Championships. Retrieved 6 June University of California Press, c Chess History And Reminiscences: Retrieved 7 June Retrieved 15 September However, Fine also regards Staunton, Anderssen, and Morphy as having been "world champions.
Minchin, the editor of the tournament book, wrote, "Dr. Zukertort at present holds the honoured post of champion, but only a match can settle the position of these rival monarchs of the Chess realm.
Based on Landsberger, K. The World's Great Chess Games. Archived from the original on 23 April Archived from the original on 17 April Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 29 May Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 4 June New York Evening Post.
Retrieved 9 June Dollar Amount, to present". Regarding a possible "two-game lead" clause, Winter cites Capablanca's messages to Julius Finn and Norbert Lederer dated 15 October , in which he proposed that, if the Buenos Aires match were drawn, the second match could be limited to 20 games.
Winter cites La Prensa 30 November for Alekhine's conditions for a return match. Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 16 September A Statistical Analysis of Championship Chess —64".
The Social Science Research Network. The Games of Robert J. Archived from the original on 20 July Fischer forfeits to Karpov". Topalov beats Kamsky, wins candidates match Chess News".
In dramatic finale, Carlsen retains title". Chess History And Reminiscences. Retrieved 31 May From Morphy to Fischer. Classical Chess Matches, — Retrieved 30 May List of openings theory table List of chess gambits Irregular Quick checkmates Fool's mate Scholar's mate.
Bishop and knight checkmate King and pawn vs king Opposite-coloured bishops Pawnless endgame Queen and pawn vs queen Queen vs pawn Rook and bishop vs rook Rook and pawn vs rook Lucena position Philidor position Strategy fortress opposition Tarrasch rule triangulation Zugzwang Study Tablebase Two knights endgame Wrong bishop Wrong rook pawn.